Epilepsy Jargon Busted

Have you ever sat in an appointment or received a letter and been confused by some of the words used? The medical world can seem like a completely different language sometimes so we've busted some of the jargon for you below.

This is an Electroencephalogram (EEG) that allows the person to move around freely, carrying out their usual daily and nightly routines. There is no filming involved in this type of EEG.

An atypical absence seizure has less abrupt onset and offset of loss of awareness than typical absence seizures. They are often associated with other features such as loss of muscle tone of the head, trunk or limbs (often a gradual slump) and subtle jerks.

Emergency medication in the form of a prefilled syringe of Buccal Midazolam. Buccolam and Epistatus are brand names for this type of medication. 

Is a cluster of abnormal blood cells. Usually in the brain or spinal cord. Can be the cause of various problems including seizures.

Is the outer layer of the brain.

Computerised tomography scan. CT scans show both bone as well as soft issues including the various areas of the brain. The scan may reveal any obvious structural abnormality or damage.

Electrodes are placed directly on the exposed surface of the brain to record electrical activity in the brain.

This is a test used to find problems related to electrical activity of the brain. An EEG tracks and records brain wave patterns. Small metal discs with thin wires (electrodes) are placed on the scalp, and then send signals to a computer to record the results. Normal electrical activity in the brain makes a recognizable pattern. Through an EEG, doctors can look for abnormal patterns that indicate seizures and other problems.

Is electrical status epilepticus in sleep.

In terms of Epilepsy this means a seizure which starts in one area of the brain.

A seizure that will start in 1 area of the brain, it depends on what part of the brain the seizure starts as to what the seizure will look like. if consciousness is affected or you are confused it is called a called Focal impaired awareness seizure. If consciousness is not affected then it is called focal aware seizure.

A type of seizure, you will become unconscious, fall to the floor if you are standing and have twitching or jerking of muscles (also known as a Tonic clonic seizure).

Is a safe and painless test that uses a magnetic field and radio waves to produce detailed images of the part of the body being scanned. An MRI differs from a CT scan (computed tomography scan) because it does not use radiation.

A myoclonic seizure is a sudden, brief, shock-like muscle contraction.

How the brain and nervous system works. The person doing your EEG is a neurophysiologist.

These happen for psychological reasons rather than physical ones. Often non epileptic seizures are how the brain reacts to thoughts or feelings related to present and past experiences. This is different from epilepsy. Epileptic seizures happen because of abnormal electrical activity in the brain.

The parietal lobe sits in the middle and back of the skull. It has a right side and a left side, just like the other lobes of the brain. The parietal lobe has many important jobs. One is to process sensory information, like touch, temperature, pain, and pressure. The parietal lobe also works with other parts of your brain to control hand-eye coordination and to tell you where your body is in space. Your parietal lobe also allows you to find your way around in a room, and to tell right from left. Aside from helping you make sense of your surroundings, the parietal lobe plays an important role in math and written language.

A type of seizure, may become blank or unresponsive for a few moments and not be aware of what has happened in that time.

This means the seizures have proved difficult to treat with a variety of anti-epileptic medications and the person is continuing to have seizures.

Is how the seizure looks or presents. 

Is part of the brain responsible for language, feelings, emotions and memory.

Is characterized by recurrent, unprovoked focal seizures that originate in the temporal lobe of the brain.

Tonic-clonic seizures involve sudden muscle stiffening and contraction, and rhythmic twitching or jerking. Tonic seizures involve sudden stiffening and contraction of the muscles. Clonic seizures involve rhythmic twitching or jerking of one or several muscles. Tonic-clonic seizures are a combination of these two types in a specific pattern and are a type of generalized seizure.

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